The UTS-ISF team visited Indonesia in August as part of the inception process and to support co-design of the research, and early engagement with end-users of the research.

Project partners Bappenas, University of Indonesia and UNICEF participated in discussions to refine research questions, visit potential field locations, discuss site selection and develop working arrangements for the research partnership.

The research is highly relevant to the Indonesian context, where use of self-supplied on-premises groundwater for drinking is 27% of urban households, more than double number using piped water, and its prevalence is highest among the poorest 40 percent of households.

Transitioning to safely managed services requires water to be accessible on premises, available when needed and free from contamination. Self-supplied water is accessible on premises, but this research will examine whether it is available when needed and free from contamination.