Within this website, we refer to approaches as overarching strategies which are used conduct MEL within programs. These approaches include unique tools, techniques and methods that guide the whole process of planning, implementing and uptake of MEL results. At the bottom of this page, you will find a handy infographic to explain how the approaches can be used. On this page you will find links to selected qualitative approaches.
Stories of transformation are used to demonstrate progress towards a change or changes that a project has achieved to increase gender equality and/or social inclusion.
Positive Deviance is an approach to study individuals who show positive behaviour or roles that are different than the rest of the community.
Most Significant Change involves the collection and systematic, participatory interpretation of stories of significant change.
Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) is an interactive and collaborative approach that uses activities to engage participants. Activities often use cards, diagrams or drawings to encourage participants to reflect on their experiences.
Projects often have many ‘anecdotal’ stories of change that are undocumented. Learning diaries are a way of systemising the collection of these stories from staff or change agents.
Life histories can be used in monitoring and evaluation to trace how recent interventions fit into the wider lives of beneficiaries or change agents.
Q-methodology is an approach from psychology that explores the viewpoints of participants. The approach identifies the connections between types of people and their responses.
Photovoice is an interactive photography training and participatory project, where participants are empowered to take photos of changes they observe within the program with their own smartphone cameras.
The approaches can be used in four different ways.
Retrospective studies ask individuals to reflect back on their lives. Such studies can be done at any time throughout a project.
Longitudinal studies follow individuals throughout the study, engaging with them multiple times.
Before and after (also known as pre- and post-test) studies engage with individuals both before and after an intervention. The participants do not need to be the same each time.
Comparative studies use a ‘control’ group in order to contrast impacts for individuals who experience an intervention with those who don’t.